Mental Health And Oral Health – Is There A Connect?

Well, stress is known to affect physical and mental health both but people are not aware around the connect of mental health with oral health too. People with stress conditions like bio-polar disorders and chronic depression often tend to ignore oral health issues at times. This leads to deterioration of oral health and on an average compared to general people, people with mental health issues are over three times more likely to lose teeth. Not many know that high stress levels could raise the cortisol hormone levels leading to periodontal disease conditions. Here are some of the reasons why mental illness leads to oral health issues as well.

Mental Health And Oral Health

Eating Habits – Eating disorder like bulimia could result in erosion of teeth due to acidity spike and vomiting. Also, there is a loss of calcium which in turn leads to deterioration of dental health.

Anxiety – Many people with mental health issues could also suffer from dental phobia and hence avoid dental visits.

Ignoring – Many people do not give importance to or pay attention to dental health issues including people with mental health issues.

Hygiene – Improper dental hygiene also leads to oral health issues as people do not tend to brush their teeth and take care of their dental health properly.

Medicines – Many times mental health medications do have side effects that cause oral health issues like dry mouth and more.

So, yes there is a connect between mental health and dental health in a way and if you live a healthy lifestyle and follow your oral hygiene routines properly even if you have a mental health condition you can manage dental health issues properly. Not to miss out, this does include staying away from harmful addictions like excess tobacco intake, smoking as well as do much of drinking and drug use.

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Smile Without Sacrificing – An Overview

In the times when selfies are one of the most popular ways of clicking pictures and have slowly creeped in our culture, a good smile becomes one of the prerequisites for clicking a good one. If you have a smile that shows off your bright white shining teeth, that’s it. You feel like the selfie king or queen by far.

But, this is not the story of your teeth always. Flip to reality and dull and yellowish teeth is not a new, rather a major oral issue. Though there is a solution for it viz teeth whitening but then again this could blow quite a big hole in your pocket.

Smile Without Sacrificing

Well, if you think, getting a that sparkling smile or the ‘ting’ smiles needs you to sacrifice your morning latte or your favorite glass of wine, you’re not right. Here are few tips in keeping your smile intact –

Floss daily – While we do brush, most of us do not floss. That leads to food getting stuck up in the teeth and bacteria breeding too. Flossing on a daily basis keeps bacteria at bay and protects your teeth from decay and bad breadth.

Brush Properly – Not a bad idea to look at an online demo of brushing teeth properly. Many if not most of us do not brush our teeth properly. The brushes that wither in not time are a proof of the how mercilessly it has been used on your teeth.

Dental Visits – Visit your dentist atleast once a year, twice better. Regular cleaning of your teeth can help you protect you from periodontal diseases.

Eat healthy – Eating healthy is also important for healthy teeth and ultimately a healthy smile. So eat calcium rich and lean protein packed foods to keep your teeth healthy.

Exercise – Yes, mouth exercise does impact your smile and help in improvement of the same as per dentists. So include a few smile exercises also in your daily regime and smile your way to sparkles.

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Got A Gummy Smile? Don’t Bother It Could Be Fixed

Usually when we smile normally 2/3rd to 3/4th part is teeth and rest is gums covered by our lips. A person with a gummy smile though will have more of gums to show when smiling. So, if your smile shows up 2-3 mm of gum as a continuous band then it’s a characteristic of gummy smile. As compared to males, gummy smiles of women seem to be very prominent making them conscious as well. There are various reasons one could have a gummy smile. Here are a few-

  1. Strong upper lip muscles

  2. Uneven teeth

  3. Smaller or Shorter teeth

  4. Small upper lips

  5. Increase in vertical face growth

This could lead to gum display that could affect your smile. Though, it is perfectly okay to have a gummy smile, there are people who experience lack of confidence and psychological issues if they have a gummy smile. So, for those people who have a gummy smile and want to repair the same, there is a solution called ‘Lip Positioning Surgery’ available already.

It is a cosmetic surgery which is used for repositioning your lips in a way that they cover the gums and give you the smile you want. The surgery needs to be carried out by a dentist by giving local anaesthesia to the gums. The dentist then cuts the excess gums display and stitches the gums nearer to the teeth. The surgery usually lasts around 40 minutes giving instant results. Though you need to take precautions so that the stitches remain intact till they dry. So, you need to have a diet plan for two to three days after the surgery. The stitches are removes after one week. The procedure is a safe one and the outcome is generally satisfying and enhances your beauty.

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Smile For Life And – The Dental Theme Of The Year And Present Scenario

World Oral health day was celebrate on March 20, 2019 with the theme – Smile for life. Well, if we consider India there has be significant advancement of technology in dentistry domain and development too. Yet, statistics tell a different story which says that a major chunk of Indian population are not able to have access to dental facilities and its benefits due to various different reasons.

The National Oral Health Program of India shows startling statistics around dental health and facilities in India. As per its report around 95% of Indians suffer from gum disease, 70% of the children under 15 years of age have dental issues and 50% of the population of India don’t even use a toothbrush for that matter.

A report titles Utilization of dental care- An India outlook published in the Journal of Natural Science, Biology and Medicine shows an awful dentist patient ratio difference in Urban and Rural Areas. While in urban areas the ratio is 1:10,000 its 1:150000 in rural areas. People in rural areas as compared to urban areas do not have access to even basic dental care due to reasons like lack of infrastructure, behavioral, socio-economic, demographic as well as epidemiological factors. People in rural areas still fear dental treatment and there is a lack of awareness in them about the importance of oral health as well.

This only means that there is not only a need to have basic dental health facilities in the remote rural areas of India but also simultaneously have awareness initiatives and programs about importance of oral health and the need for dental checkups and on time treatment and programs to take the fear out of the community around dental procedures. People need to be aware that oral health is equally important as general health and provide dental care services that are at par with facilities in urban areas. The IDA has already calculated the growth rate of dental industry by 30% and has to meet the same presently has 290 dental colleges that churns out 25,000 graduates every year. India has housed almost 2 lac dental professionals including 5000 labs and 35000 specialists. As per the World health organization, India still needs to setup 2500 dental clinics every year to meet such a high demand. India is already a huge market for dentistry particularly with growing incomes and awareness for dental care in urban but it’s the rural areas of India where the focus needs to be more and the role of the government here is a big one for sure. Even Dentists can join the movement by education consumers. Nowadays, branded dental chains and networks are beginning to spread their wings. A welcome move, this can certainly help in propagating the message around dental care and treatment and achieve the goals of –smile for life.

*Sourced from Internet

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Over 500 Teeth Extracted From A Kids Mouth – A Bizzare Dental Story

Yes, as bizarre as it may sound, it is cent percent true. Recently a boy from South Chennai complaining about jaw pain was taken to a hospital for examination. The doctors scanned him and even got an X-ray that confirmed that he had over 500 teeth. The teeth were inside a sac that was embedded in his lower jaw.

Dr Prathibha Ramani, head of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology at the Saveetha Dental College and Hospital termed them as abnormal teeth. The surgery for removal of the teeth was conducted last month by the team of doctors but before the surgery every tooth was examined on an individual basis. The surgery took around four to five hour’s time to empty the sac and confirm the presence of hundreds of teeth inside the same.

Over 500 Teeth Extracted From A Kids Mouth

The details of the teeth shared by the hospital say that there were 526 teeth in all and the size varied from 0.1 mm to 15 mm. The smallest of all also had root enamel coat as well as a crown implying that it was tooth. The boy had to remain in the hospital for three days after which he was discharge. This condition as per the experts is called ‘compound composite odontoma’ and is extremely rare. The factors responsible for this conditions is not known but could be environmental or genetic.

The parents also stated that their child did have a swelling in the jaw when he was three years old but they could not do much about it as he would not allow them or doctors to touch him and would never still still for physical examination.

The two surgeons who operated the boy explained the procedure saying ‘’Under general anesthesia, we drilled into the jaw from the top. We did not break the bone from the sides, meaning reconstruction surgery was not required. The sac was removed. You can think of it as a kind of balloon with small pieces inside.”

Dr Senthilnathan, one of the two operating surgeons stated that it was vital to pay attention to dental health and stop ignoring dental issues. Early treatment could help a long way. There is still lack of awareness about dental health particularly in rural areas due to affordability and ignorance. But, with this child all went well as per the doctor and he is now all healthy with 21 teeth.

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*Sourced from the Internet

Frailty Among Indian Elderly. Is Poor Dental Health The Culprit?

For those who aren’t aware what frailty is all about, it means vulnerability towards dental health conditions or inability to perform daily routines due to declining health. One of the risk factors of frailty is poor oral health because it effects the abilities like smiling, eating and even speaking, ultimately the quality of life.

A study including 7735 British male participants and published in the American Geriatrics Society Journal does show that frailty and oral hygiene to go hand in hand.

The study started off when the participants were 40-59 years old in 1978 -1980. Then again in 2010-2012 the 1722 participants who were alive then were called for re-examination. At that time their age was 71-92 years. The participants were examined for their physical health, vital statistics as well as weight, walking and grip test as well. A questionnaire explaining their medical history as well as lifestyle was also needed to be answered besides information around social medical and health.

Additionally, there was a dental exam for noting the frailty status of the participants. The confirmation of frailty was done on the basis of three issues – weak grip, slow walking speed, weight loss, exhaustion or low physical activity levels.

Dental examination showed that around more than half viz. 64 percent had less than 21 teeth, over 54 percent were suffering from gum disease, 34 percent of the participants rated their oral health as poor or fair, 29 percent exhibited minimum two symptoms of dry mouth while almost 20 percent were having no teeth at all. 11 percent of the participants had difficulty eating food.

Well, considering this study, there seems to be a direction connection between frailty and oral health. As per an expert Dr. Carter, Chief Executive Oral health Foundation, in UK the people have good longevity but it comes at the cost of significant health problems for people over 65 years of age. Hence, brushing teeth effectively is necessary but due to dexterity and limited mobility, it makes it hard for the elders to do so. Hence, its advisable that elders give priority to their oral health and even the government takes measures in devising a effective oral health system particularly for the elder population.

*Sourced from the Internet

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Brushing Teeth Before or After Breakfast – The Right Way

Many people debate on brushing teeth before or after breakfast, just like people who debate the idea of taking shower in the morning or night and which one is better. Brushing teeth before breakfast is about get away with the bad breadth and the bacteria that are the cause behind it. If you brush after breakfast, you clean up the developing bacteria as well as the particles that are stuck inside.

Brushing Teeth Before or After Breakfast

Apparently, let’s understand how the process inside the mouth works. The bacteria are active when there is less saliva in the mouth. This is during the night time. In the day time as the mouth is able to make enough saliva the bacteria’s are not able to do much of a damage. The percentage production in the day time is 80-90 % compared to 10-15 % in the day time.
Saliva plays a critical role in bacteria in maintain your teeth as well as gums. Also one of the most harmful ingredient is sugar. It encourages the growth of bacteria in mouth and hence eating sweet at night is not a good idea. If possible limit your sugar intake in the evenings so that you restrict the bacteria growth as well. Bacteria feeds on sugar and growth causing tooth decay eventually.

Now considering the question about what is better, brushing before or after breakfast, experts say that is entirely an individual’s choice. If you feel that you can’t take the bad breath then brush your teeth before breakfast and if you feel you are not smelling bad and brushing after breakfast makes you feel clean and fresh, do that. Only point to remember is that if you are going to eat an acidic breakfast like pineapple juice or lemonade for that matter then a better idea will be to brush after breakfast after waiting for some-time. This will give time to your surface enamel to stabilise and this can be done when you eat food while drinking thus causing stability. When you vomit is when the strongest acid gets into your mouth and hence it is advisable to take some tooth paste and apply it on the teeth.

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The idea is to keep bacteria in the mouth at bay by brushing teeth atleast couple of times during the day and avoid intake of sugar more so during the night time as you know how it can boost the growth of bacteria.

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*Sourced from the Internet

Dentists Dying of Lung Disease. But Why?

While there have been numerous cases of people dying from lung disease or Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), but a 15 year old clinic in Virginia has come up with a new revelation. As per its report of Virginia clinic over a period of 15 years said that eight of them were dentists and one of them was a dental technician of the 9 cases reported. The median survival rate was 3 to 5 years after the diagnosis of the conditions and the 7 patients of the 9 diagnosed were dead already. Even the CDC(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) has mentioned that the chances of dentists getting the condition was 23 times higher than others. But, the investigation did not provide any results on the reason behind same.

IPF leads to lung scarring and is a result of some kind of environmental poisoning. The process however can be slowed down but the existing scar tissue cannot be removed. Over a period of time the lungs are not able to get oxygen to heart and brain organs. The reason behind Dentists being affected the most is that dentists come in contact with toxic substances like silica, alginate, polyvinyl siloxane etc., in their offices and this working exposure to materials and their bi-products cause damage to the body on inhaling.

An example includes that a dentist had the lung condition but reported that he never smoked. He also added that he also did not wear the Health certified respiratory mask during his practice duration of 40 years as well. This respiratory condition does not have a cure but what you can do is take measures to prevent it. Even people who work under conditions that are exposed to dust particles are at the risk of getting this condition.

“More work has to be done before we can make any conclusions about the risk dentists or other personal have. coming to conclusions of any kind”, said Randall Nett, the lead author of this study and medical officer at the US Public health Service.
While the report is a good one, today dentists are far more careful and the risk of developing lung disease is likely lower. The these days even the polishing work done by the dentist is very less compared to earlier as they are dependant on external laboratories as well for the same. Many are understanding the importance of this and even installing devices that can trace the harmful vapors at places with long term exposure.

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*Sourced from the Internet

Medical Insurances may soon cover Dental Treatments Amongst Others

With the objective of providing inclusive healthcare to patients, the Insurance and Regulatory Authority of India (IRDAI) has eliminated almost 10 items from the list of procedures under optional cover. These include Dental Treatment besides Psychiatric, stem cell and infertility treatment. IRDAI on Monday said that it has partially modified guidelines of health insurance standardisation and removed a few items from the list of items that come under optional cover offered by insurers.

Dental Treatment - Dental Insurance

Even though there are umpteen private medical insurance providers, a major chunk of the population opts for government funded schemes. The claim ratio is the factor that impact the choice of insurance. While for private insurance companies the claim ratio is only 67%, for public insurance companies its 120%. Most of the private insurance companies cover people in the urban region of the country and almost 89% are public insurance companies. The people have to pay heavy premiums for all of their policies including individual ones expect for family floater due to the higher coverage share these companies have to offer.

The treatment includes one that does not need hospitalisation but is common amongst people like infertility treatment, sub fertility treatment, hormone replacement therapy, obesity treatment, assisted conception procedures, stem cell implantation, and treatment of sexually transmitted conditions like, retro virus, HIV or AIDS, other than the ones mentioned above. As per IRDAI list there are 199 items lists under optional cover by insurance providers. These also include a list of medical accessories like x-ray films, slings, bandages, baby products and even internet facility to name a few. At times, they are offered at an additional premium while they are excluded from the standard health plan.

Furthermore, as per the national health profile 2018, created by central bureau of Health Intelligence, around just about 35% of the people of the country who opt for health insurance. As per a report from WHO, 70% of the people in India paid the health expenses from their own pockets.

Well, IRDAI is in the process of streamlining the standard health care insurance package inclusions with an objective of providing the common man, a more inclusive healthcare package that suits their pocket and covers the common conditions as well.

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*Sourced form the Internet

How to Stay away from Bad Breath on the Go

Brushing and flossing are the routine requirements of healthy teeth and fresh breath. But, when you are on the go like if you are traveling or busy with office meetings, it is not easy to take care of your teeth the way you usually do. While this is totally understandable, here are a few tips to help you maintain a fresh breadth when out and about.

How to Stay away from Bad Breath on the Go

Drink loads of Water – Drinking loads of water is always a good idea to keep your breath fresh. The water washes away the food particles as well as the bacteria from the mouth. What you can do is carry a bottle of water along with you and keep drinking regularly.

Use sugarless mint – Chewing gum or consuming a min does help in cleaning because it produces a lot of salivae that can flush away the left-over food particles and plaque. But, if the gum or mint you consume consists of sugar then it is bound to cause bad breath. Rather use mints and gums that have xylitol which help in fighting bad breath causing bacteria.

Keep a travel oral pack handy – You do get travel oral packs that are small in size. So buy them and keep them handy in your purse so that you can use it whenever you get a chance. A small bottle of mouthwash can also be quite useful to keep mouth germs at bay.

Avoid Sugar based foods – Sugar intake makes the bacteria in the mouth active and they interact with sugar to release a lot of acids that are in turn responsible for bad breath. Fried foods items are also not a good idea as they produce the same result as sugary foods.

Today, the world is a busier place than ever. Be it working people, moms, students or others everyone is busy with their lives. In this hectic busy schedule maintaining a check of everything is also difficult and most of the times we tend to give our body the second priority against other stuff. But, these tips can help you keep your oral health on track and bad breath at bay even when on the go.

*Sourced from the Internet