Known to be the last of the permanent teeth that erupt on side of the upper and lower jaws, the process of eruption can be a problem many a times because there is very little room left to accommodate these molars. As a result most of the times these teeth erupt either partially or in a crooked form. There is therefore a possibility of these teeth getting impacted is high further resulting into tenderness and swelling of the areas around them.
As per the American Dental Association it is better that teenagers of 16-19 years age evaluate their wisdom teeth for if there is a need to remove them. Once you visit your dentist, he/she will carry out the routine diagnosis for the same. If there’s a need for uprooting the molar, he/she will recommend the removal of the impacted teeth. This will include either the use of local or general anesthesia or IV sedation. In order to limit the bleeding caused due to the extraction the doctor will ask you to bite on a soft gauze piece for over 30 to 45 minutes.
The procedure is also a simple one, wherein the Surgeon puts an incision into the gums incase the impacted teeth is imbedded in the bone and will remove it in sections so that he is able to save as much bone as possible. The side effect includes a probable swelling that would go away within a few days. If the swelling, pain, fever or bleeding continuous consult the doctor on an immediate basis.
One of the complications that could occur and is rare is dry socket. Normally, after the tooth extraction, a blood clot forms in the tooth socket and helps the area to heal. In rare cases dry socket occurs wherein the blood clot breaks down exposing the nerves as well as the bone of the tooth. It is a highly painful condition and needs medical attention on an immediate basis.
The dentist primarily rinses the affected area, removes debris around it if any and then dresses it up in order to reduce the pain and protect it from further damage. Additionally, he/she might prescribe painkillers to pain relief and prevent infection. The condition takes around 10 days to heal with proper medical care and rest.
*Sourced from the Internet