Headaches Could Be A Result Of An Underlying Dental Problem

None of us can think of visiting a dentist when having a prolonged or recurrent headaches, ain’t it? Obviously, because considering headache to be a result of teeth conditions is far from anyone’s thinking really. One reason is that it is extremely rare and there could be many more reasons for headaches and a dental problem is the least thought off. Here’s a case study where a 45 year old lady was having recurrent headache for a long period of time. She paid many visits to physicians, ENT specialists as well as Neurosurgeons and even underwent many diagnostic tests like EEF, MRI and CT Scans but with no success in diagnosis about the reason. She was then suggested by Neurosurgeons to go for an open surgery of 2 lacs cost. She was already distraught about not known the reason behind the suffering.

Amidst all this chaos her daughter found out through her on research and judgement that it could be a dental condition. She then visited one of the popular dental clinic chains in Bangalore and the doctors immediately diagnosed it as a dental condition. The headache was because the lady was having unevenly aligned teeth in a small jaw. As a result of improper placement and crowding, it was triggering headache.

The doctors then created a treatment plan of action for here which was short, simple and even painless to an extent. After the orthodontic treatment was done, not only did she get rid of her headache but also got her beautiful smile.

This only throws out one question, if only had she not heard to her daughters suggestion and went ahead with the open surgery, the results could have been unimaginable. Additionally, it could have cost her a bomb that too on a surgery that wasn’t needed at all.

Well, this also brings to light the fact around lack of awareness or ignorance of dental problems and issues in the country. Dental health is equally important and ignoring it is not a good idea, and awareness around it can always help.

*Sourced from Internet

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Dental Public Health In India – A Concern?

Oral health has been a cause of concern in India. The primary reason is the high level consumption of tobacco and next is unawareness about it particularly in rural areas. Excessive usage of tobacco and added to that lack of oral hygiene amongst Indians more so rural Indians has led to loss of lives due to oral cancers and other life threatening conditions. One example is that of a 42 year old Bareilly resident Mohsin Khan, an embroidery worker who started chewing tobacco on the behest of friends. Recently, he faced issues with concentration while doing embroidery after he returned from a Tobacco Cessation Cell in New Delhi, but it was too late for him as he had been diagnosed with leukoplakia viz. a pre-cancerous lesion. He also mentioned that he wasn’t aware that oral health was so vital and could cause life threatening conditions like Cancer. He also mentioned that he used to clean his teeth using Neem Sticks and Coal Ash.

Dental Public Health In India

As per government statistics over 70% of the school children have cavities and over 90% of the adult population in India does get affected by periodontal condition. Even National Oral Health Policy draft of 2018 does mention that oral diseases in India are rampant and repetitive as well making it a silent epidemic of sorts.

Oral issues within Indian children and adults in India include problems like cavities, periodontal conditions, oro-facial anomalies, temporo-mandibular joint disorders, loss of teeth, dental fluorosis, dental trauma as well as oral cancers as per Consultant Dentist of Columbia Asia Hospital.

Rural Areas it gets worse because there is lack of infrastructure there. Scarcity of dental health professionals in public hospitals is also and added issue. Well, this makes it difficult for the common man as he/ she have to shell out the expenses for oral treatment from their own pockets. As a result the common man opts out of treatment and goes for extraction, which is a cheaper way out.

Well, addictions like alcohol and tobacco do play a vital role in oral health. Additionally people in India ignore dental health issues big time. There has been proven research that managing dental health properly can help prevent many health conditions and even reduces the risk of diabetes, preterm labor and even heart attack as per Praveshh Gaur, Founder, Director of Srauta Wellness Center.

*Sourced from Internet

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Frailty Among Indian Elderly. Is Poor Dental Health The Culprit?

For those who aren’t aware what frailty is all about, it means vulnerability towards dental health conditions or inability to perform daily routines due to declining health. One of the risk factors of frailty is poor oral health because it effects the abilities like smiling, eating and even speaking, ultimately the quality of life.

A study including 7735 British male participants and published in the American Geriatrics Society Journal does show that frailty and oral hygiene to go hand in hand.

The study started off when the participants were 40-59 years old in 1978 -1980. Then again in 2010-2012 the 1722 participants who were alive then were called for re-examination. At that time their age was 71-92 years. The participants were examined for their physical health, vital statistics as well as weight, walking and grip test as well. A questionnaire explaining their medical history as well as lifestyle was also needed to be answered besides information around social medical and health.

Additionally, there was a dental exam for noting the frailty status of the participants. The confirmation of frailty was done on the basis of three issues – weak grip, slow walking speed, weight loss, exhaustion or low physical activity levels.

Dental examination showed that around more than half viz. 64 percent had less than 21 teeth, over 54 percent were suffering from gum disease, 34 percent of the participants rated their oral health as poor or fair, 29 percent exhibited minimum two symptoms of dry mouth while almost 20 percent were having no teeth at all. 11 percent of the participants had difficulty eating food.

Well, considering this study, there seems to be a direction connection between frailty and oral health. As per an expert Dr. Carter, Chief Executive Oral health Foundation, in UK the people have good longevity but it comes at the cost of significant health problems for people over 65 years of age. Hence, brushing teeth effectively is necessary but due to dexterity and limited mobility, it makes it hard for the elders to do so. Hence, its advisable that elders give priority to their oral health and even the government takes measures in devising a effective oral health system particularly for the elder population.

*Sourced from the Internet

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Wisdom Teeth – All You Need To Know About The Third And The Last Molars

Known to be the last of the permanent teeth that erupt on side of the upper and lower jaws, the process of eruption can be a problem many a times because there is very little room left to accommodate these molars. As a result most of the times these teeth erupt either partially or in a crooked form. There is therefore a possibility of these teeth getting impacted is high further resulting into tenderness and swelling of the areas around them.

Wisdom Teeth

As per the American Dental Association it is better that teenagers of 16-19 years age evaluate their wisdom teeth for if there is a need to remove them. Once you visit your dentist, he/she will carry out the routine diagnosis for the same. If there’s a need for uprooting the molar, he/she will recommend the removal of the impacted teeth. This will include either the use of local or general anesthesia or IV sedation. In order to limit the bleeding caused due to the extraction the doctor will ask you to bite on a soft gauze piece for over 30 to 45 minutes.

The procedure is also a simple one, wherein the Surgeon puts an incision into the gums incase the impacted teeth is imbedded in the bone and will remove it in sections so that he is able to save as much bone as possible. The side effect includes a probable swelling that would go away within a few days. If the swelling, pain, fever or bleeding continuous consult the doctor on an immediate basis.

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One of the complications that could occur and is rare is dry socket. Normally, after the tooth extraction, a blood clot forms in the tooth socket and helps the area to heal. In rare cases dry socket occurs wherein the blood clot breaks down exposing the nerves as well as the bone of the tooth. It is a highly painful condition and needs medical attention on an immediate basis.

The dentist primarily rinses the affected area, removes debris around it if any and then dresses it up in order to reduce the pain and protect it from further damage. Additionally, he/she might prescribe painkillers to pain relief and prevent infection. The condition takes around 10 days to heal with proper medical care and rest.

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*Sourced from the Internet

Thumsucking And Pacifier – How It Affects The Teeth Of Infants And Children

A natural reflex in infants and growing toddlers, thumb sucking or pacifying themselves with objects is very common. The reason cited around the same is that the little ones feel happy and secure as well. Apparently, it helps them know the world better and many times it helps to soothe themselves and fall asleep.

Thumb sucking can be considered a problem for the teeth of the child only if the intensity is too high. Even pacifiers have the same effect on children as thumb sucking, based on the frequency of using them. Also, if kids only use the pacifier or thumb to rest it in the mouth, it does not have any harm but if they suck the thumb or pacifier too vigorously, it does affect your teeth for sure.

Thumsucking And Pacifier

The thumb sucking or using pacifiers continuous for upto four years of age generally. Children who suck their thumb aggressively do tend to affect the primary teeth and hence it’s important to take steps when you find that your child is into thumb-sucking or pacifying continuously. It is also known that once the permanent teeth are in place, thumb sucking or pacifying can cause To help your child give up the habit you may do your bit by doing the following –

  1. Make them feel comfortable and secure

  2. Explain your child, if he/she can understand about the disadvantages of thumb sucking / pacifying

  3. Try to use different methods for getting rid of the habit

  4. Whenever you find your child not sucking, appreciate it

  5. Even trying to put a bandage around the thumb is a good idea

If problems persist even after trying, then it is advisable to consult a dentist or pediatrician. They will help you with medication that tastes bitter or with some thumb coater.

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Thumb sucking or using pacifiers is a very common problem that infants and toddlers face in their early years. Nevertheless, it is not a problem that has no solution, so try working it out with kids at home through some tried and tested ways or else coordinate with your pediatrician or dentist and you’ll find a way out.

*Sourced from the Internet

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All You Need to Know About Tooth Whitening

India is a dental tourism destination and people from around the world visit India to get dental treatment done at inexpensive prices. Whitening is one such form of dental treatment which is available in India and that too at much cheaper prices as compared to countries like dubai, USA and other countries. With state of the art facilities in terms of technology as well as qualified and expert dental professionals India has already topped the list of countries offering one stop dental health solutions. The cost benefit to people choosing India for their dental needs.

There are primarily to main types of teeth whitening procedures in India. The first is the in office procedure carried out by a cosmetic dentist with the help of laser or gel of professional grade, high in carbamide peroxide or hydrogen peroxide concentration.

The need for tooth whitening
Teeth are an important part of your personality and you smile lights up your personality completely. Hence, it’s obvious to be conscious about your smile. But,

Over the years the outer layer of the teeth known as the enamel gets stained or yellow due to a number of reasons like addiction to tobacco, drinking beverages like coffee, cola, red wine or tea (dark colored ones) regularly. Even carelessness around dental care also results in staining of teeth.

A variety of alternatives are available with tooth whitening. Right from simple take home kits to using veneers for removal of the traditional bleaching methods. Here’s a look through the various choices around teeth whitening for you.

Try at home Kits – These are simple readymade kits for whitening. There are very much similar to over the counter type of kits but the concentration levels of bleach are much more generally. This procedure can cost around INR 4K – 7K in India.

Boost – this is a type of teeth whitening procedure wherein hydrogen peroxide based power bleaching gel is used for stain removal, without the use of any special light. It does not take a long time and you are done within 40 minutes at the dentists clinic. The cost of chemical or boost whitening is India ranges from INR 5K to INR 15K.

Zoom Teeth Whitening – It costs around INR 12K – INR 15 K and the procedure is similar to boost wherein hydrogen peroxide gel is used. Only that a special lamp is used together with the gel in order to whiten the teeth. It is a 45 minute procedure.

Laser Teeth whitening – It is also an effective method of teeth whitening and has the ability to remove stains fast. It is so effective that as per the American Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry, laser whitening can whiten your teeth by as much as 10 shades.

Well, to put that gorgeous smile on your face and enhance your looks teeth whitening is what is needed. You may choose one as per you requirements and brighten up your smile.

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*Sourced from the Internet

Bisphenol A- BPA

Is the BPA used in Plastics harming your child’s Teeth

With the constant rise in tooth enamel defects in children, researchers have worked to find out the cause behind the same. The results point out to BPA (Bisphenol A), a chemical that is used in manufacture of plastic as the culprit. The findings are based on the research study that was carried on rats and it triggered the same issue in rats as in human kids.

This defect of enamel is know to have affected around 15-20 percent of the children in the age group of six – nine years. As per a researching microbiologist its effect varies from region to region. In some parts of the world reports show over 40% of the children being affected Enamel is an integral part of the teeth. It apparently covers the tooth and if it gets defected then can lead to dental issues like cavities. So, here is what exactly happens when the enamel gets defected. As per researchers the incisors and molars viz the teeth located in the front as well as the back of the teeth are affected and milky sports start are visible on them. These are known as defects because these are a result of mineral structure of teeth developing weakened regions. It is a common problem and occurs at the time of formation of teeth. Day by day it is rising. The study was further carried out on the rate and the researchers discovered that he weakened enamel in them was due to pollution altered genes.

Well, hormones are an integral part of the body and more so the endocrine system. The are responsible for controlling some of the major body activities be it reproduction, organ formation or energy usage by cells, to name a few. Pollutants have the ability to disguise themselves as these hormones besides slowing down or completely blocking the actions of hormones. Coming to the tooth enamel, two hormones namely androgens and estrogens are responsible for directing the cells to make tooth enamel. While androgen are male sex hormones and estrogens female sex organs, a study stated that two pollutants were responsible for promoting defects in enamel. One was vinclozolin, a chemical used by farm workers and farmers for killing fungi and the other BPA, the more common one. In case you are not aware, BPA or bisphenol is used by manufacturers in making many products like dental sealents, kitchen bowls, eyewear and more. It is also used to make interior coatings of many food and drink cans as well as jar lids.

The results of the studies that were carried out show that tooth defects could be an alarm that the child has been exposed to hormone disrupting chemicals as there is every possibility that these chemicals like BPA do harm to the teeth, though its not yet proven but is evident enough.

 

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*Source from internet

Bone Graft-Alternative Dental Implant

Bone Graft – Dental treatment That Works well

Bone graft is an alternative to dental implants. It is generally done when the jaw bone is too soft or thin and fails to have the ability to keep the implanted tooth in place or causes implant surgery to fail.
It is apparently a type of surgery which is also used for fixing the damages done by gum diseases, trauma or tooth loss. As we age dental implants are needed and bone graft surgery apparently is very useful as it provides structural stability by filling up the voids in areas where the bone is not present. Even for maintaining the bone structure post tooth extraction bone grafting is carried out.

Graft surgery is of two types –

1. Autograft – As the name suggests the use of bones that are present in the body like wrist bone, pelvis bone or ribs.

2. Allograft – This surgery uses the bone of a donor who is dead or a cadaver after it is cleaned and archived in the tissue bank.

Your dentist does the diagnosis and decides on the type of bone graft is required. It is an anaestheisa assisted surgery so should be almost pain free. The process includes skin incision above the area where the graft is required. Then the bone is shaped to fit the area and with the help of plates, screws, cables or wires and pins is held in place. Once secure, the incision is stitched up.

After the surgery care needs to be taken in order to ensure the success of the surgery. The healing time is generally of over 3 months. It is advisable to eat foods that are soft and to avoid extreme exercising. In order to avoid infection of any kind, the dentist will also orient you on flossing and brushing in a suitable way. For smokers though, it is advisable to stop smoking or else the graft might fail due to prolonged bone healing on account of smoking.

Here is a run down some of the benefits of Bone Graft
It can be used for various dental issues like tooth implant, poor jaw conditions or tooth loss.
It is useful if you have an implant in the future.
It helps protecting the mouth against shrinkage in width and height over a period of time
The aesthetics of the jaw line as in the strength and shape of the bony ridge post tooth loss.
It helps in avoiding the otherwise fragile jaw structure from shortening or narrowing down

Bone grafting can be expensive but in India its quite affordable as compared to foreign countries where people opt in for medical tourism to countries like India or Mexico for dental treatments.

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Dental Abscess

Dental Abscess – All You Need To know About

Many of us aren’t really aware of dental abscess. Tooth abscess is apparently a painful condition and occurs when the root of the tooth is infected or the infection lies amidst tooth and gum. This condition is known as gingivitis or gum disease and is known to occur due to tooth decay or high severity causing trauma and pain to the tooth.

The symptoms of tooth abscess include swollen neckglands, difficulty while chewing, swelling and redness of gums, sensitivity with hot or cold and fever as well. Tooth abscess can spread to the root and to the bones supporting the tooth as well and mind it abscess spreads quickly in a period of just two days or so, post the start of the infection. So, it is important to consult your doctors if you find one or more of the above symptoms with yourself.

Abscess are of two types –
Periapical abscess – This occurs when one nerve of the tooth is dead or about to die and is caused inside the tooth. It shows at the tip of the tooth’s root and spreads around the bone surrounding it eventually.

Periodontal abscess – This occurs when there is an infection between the teeth and gum usually due to accumulation of food particles and debris within the two. It becomes worse after the infections surrounds the bone below the gums.
Treatment

Dental Abscess needs to be treated from a dentist. The procedure is known as root canal therapy and most of us are familiar with this treatment because it is a common dental treatment. During the procedure, the tooth is extracted while drainage occurs through the socket or alternatively at times incision is made into the gum tissue to drain out the abscess

Tooth abscess is a common condition of teeth that can occur to anyone and everyone at some point of time or other. In order to delay the process or avoid it to an extent it is advisable to follow proper dental hygiene that includes brushing teeth atleast two times a day and that too properly besides flossing, tongue cleaning and using mouthwash for a fresh breath and cavity free mouth.

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Emergency Orthodontic Care

Emergency Orthodontic Care – An Overview

There is a very rare possibility of any emergency occurring with respect to dental issues. Most of the dental issues do not get you into an emergency situation but yes sometimes, dental issues might lead to pain and irritation or discomfort.

Here is a run down some of these issues and how to deal with them.

Ligature issues – This issue arising when you use brackets. Fine wires or rubber bands are used to hold the brackets. At times the ligatures may become loose and stick to your lip. This could lead to irritation. Hence, when a ligature goes loose you may tighten it by bending it back with the help of a rubber attached on the back of pencils.

Mouth Sores – If you wear braces, getting mouth sores might just be a common possibility with you. This does lead to irritation, discomfort and mouth ulcers. At such times, mouth wash and warm salt water gargles do help out in suppressing the pain and discomfort.

Swallowing – If you by mistake swallow some piece related to your braces, when you are wearing braces then, its better to consult the doctor immediately. The symptoms include sneezing, coughing or wheezing.

Loose Brackets and more – If you wear braces, you usually are aware of these issues. These brackets tend to loosen up due to chewing or eating crunchy or hard foods. This can lead to problems like discomfort due to bracket sticking out. When such an issue occurs you can easily use a sterile tweezer to slide the bracket along the wire. Then you need to rotate it inorder to get it back to its usual position.

Wire Protruding – As mentioned before if a wire becomes loose, you can use a pencil with a rubber end to push the wire against the tooth so as to avoid the irritation it causes. In case it becomes unbearable contact your orthodontist immediately. If it is not causing any discomfort, better to leave it as it is until your next appointment with the doctor. Only in an exceptional case when you cannot reach an orthodontist and the discomfort is too bad, simply cut the protruding wire with sharp clippers. Do take care of not swallowing the piece of wire that gets snipped. To protect yourself from doing so you may fold the tissue paper around that area. Also apply some relief wax on the area.

Having said that, it is advisable to reach out to the orthodontist or the dentist when dental issues occur.