With the constant rise in tooth enamel defects in children, researchers have worked to find out the cause behind the same. The results point out to BPA (Bisphenol A), a chemical that is used in manufacture of plastic as the culprit. The findings are based on the research study that was carried on rats and it triggered the same issue in rats as in human kids.
This defect of enamel is know to have affected around 15-20 percent of the children in the age group of six – nine years. As per a researching microbiologist its effect varies from region to region. In some parts of the world reports show over 40% of the children being affected Enamel is an integral part of the teeth. It apparently covers the tooth and if it gets defected then can lead to dental issues like cavities. So, here is what exactly happens when the enamel gets defected. As per researchers the incisors and molars viz the teeth located in the front as well as the back of the teeth are affected and milky sports start are visible on them. These are known as defects because these are a result of mineral structure of teeth developing weakened regions. It is a common problem and occurs at the time of formation of teeth. Day by day it is rising. The study was further carried out on the rate and the researchers discovered that he weakened enamel in them was due to pollution altered genes.
Well, hormones are an integral part of the body and more so the endocrine system. The are responsible for controlling some of the major body activities be it reproduction, organ formation or energy usage by cells, to name a few. Pollutants have the ability to disguise themselves as these hormones besides slowing down or completely blocking the actions of hormones. Coming to the tooth enamel, two hormones namely androgens and estrogens are responsible for directing the cells to make tooth enamel. While androgen are male sex hormones and estrogens female sex organs, a study stated that two pollutants were responsible for promoting defects in enamel. One was vinclozolin, a chemical used by farm workers and farmers for killing fungi and the other BPA, the more common one. In case you are not aware, BPA or bisphenol is used by manufacturers in making many products like dental sealents, kitchen bowls, eyewear and more. It is also used to make interior coatings of many food and drink cans as well as jar lids.
The results of the studies that were carried out show that tooth defects could be an alarm that the child has been exposed to hormone disrupting chemicals as there is every possibility that these chemicals like BPA do harm to the teeth, though its not yet proven but is evident enough.
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