19 Dec 2022
Prosthetic Rehabilitation of Maxillofacial Defects – An Overview
Dr. Shree Ramya
Dr. Kumari Atulya
Dr. Kunal Singh
Dr. Siva Shankar
Maxillofacial abnormalities are described as congenital structural deformities, malformations or other abnormalities of the maxilla, face or facial bones, which can affect the shape of the face and personal appearance and can lead to psychological and emotional problems such as lack of self-confidence,low self-esteem and poor quality of life.
Maxillofacial prosthodontics is that particular branch of dentistry that treats congenital and acquired defects of the head and the neck regions which involves replacement, management and restoration of lost functions of the missing structures. This is a multidisciplinary approach where it is necessary to integrate with different health professionals.
With this as a background the objectives of the presentation included a brief overview on the types of maxillofacial defects, the types and classification of prostheses and the methods of retention. An array of cases rehabilitated successfully in the department of prosthodontics were discussed such as orbital defects, ocular defects, interim obturators, definitive obturators, closed intraoral defects, hemi mandibular defects and those rehabilitated using zygomatic implant retained prostheses. The additional retention aids required for extraoral prostheses and the digital workflow in maxillofacial prostheses were discussed along with its classifications and indications.