Teeth Bleaching

Teeth Bleaching For A Spotless or Stained Smiles

With whitening toothpastes becoming so popular across the globe, its pretty clear that teeth whitening is in demand and people want to have spotless smiles like shown in ads that flash across TV channels with popular celebrities and people flaunting their beautiful smile. People are concerned because they are made to believe that it is and integral part of your looks and enhances them for sure.

Bleaching is one of the methodologies that is used for whitening of teeth. Though teeth whitening is very much popular across ages, people about to ring in their wedding bells or their relatives are very much into getting a quick fix to their smile so that with the glitter and glamor of the wedding their teeth to shines through. And many a times they are in such a jiffy that they never want to look beyond the whitened look, as in about the damage it could cause or not cause to their teeth. Very few seem to be interested in the other side of the coin.

Beauty bleaching as it is called is not a good idea and particularly for people who bleach many times. Bleaching makes our teeth more permeable and hence they keep on staining faster and hence we need to make frequent visits to our dentists for removal of the stains. Furthermore, there is every possibility of the roots getting damages as bleaching leads to soft tissue irritation and transient tooth sensitivity. The enamel thinning occurs alongside gum recession. Even aging causes enamel thinning and the darkening of dentin.

Whitening thus comes under cosmetic dental procedures and might not be included under health insurance plan. You need to check with your health insurer before you go ahead thinking that it is covered under the plan. There are many people who still undergo tooth whitening because of the benefits over side effects are more lucrative may be.

Before we get to discuss about the whitening types let us first find out the reasons behind your teeth going pale or yellow or stained.
1. Intake of beverages like tea, coffee, red wine and more
2. Smoking and tobacco consumption
3. Improper tooth care

Now for the whitening solutions. Here’s a run down the two main types of whitening treatments.
1. Vital Whitening – In this type of whitening a whitening gel is applied to the tooth surface directly. The gel contains hydrogen peroxide as an ingredient. The process usually requires 1 to 3 appointments of 30 to 90 minutes each. The time and number of appointments might vary from patient to patient depending upon the severity of the stains and the level of whitening required.

2. Non Vital Whitening – This treatment is used when the tooth or teeth are to be whitened from inside. For example when a tooth that has had a root canal could have an internal stain. Non vital whitening involves a different procedure wherein the whitening agent is placed inside the tooth and is coated with a temporary filling. Then the tooth is left on its on for many days. This can also be repeated depending upon the shade requirement of the patient.

Now for some facts. Whitening is not a permanent solution. The stains keep on surfacing from time to time more so if you are an addict to the aforementioned beverages or a chain smoker. It could even happen in less than a months time if you are careless. But, if you happen to be a disciplined one then it could well last around half a year or a year also.

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Bone Graft-Alternative Dental Implant

Bone Graft – Dental treatment That Works well

Bone graft is an alternative to dental implants. It is generally done when the jaw bone is too soft or thin and fails to have the ability to keep the implanted tooth in place or causes implant surgery to fail.
It is apparently a type of surgery which is also used for fixing the damages done by gum diseases, trauma or tooth loss. As we age dental implants are needed and bone graft surgery apparently is very useful as it provides structural stability by filling up the voids in areas where the bone is not present. Even for maintaining the bone structure post tooth extraction bone grafting is carried out.

Graft surgery is of two types –

1. Autograft – As the name suggests the use of bones that are present in the body like wrist bone, pelvis bone or ribs.

2. Allograft – This surgery uses the bone of a donor who is dead or a cadaver after it is cleaned and archived in the tissue bank.

Your dentist does the diagnosis and decides on the type of bone graft is required. It is an anaestheisa assisted surgery so should be almost pain free. The process includes skin incision above the area where the graft is required. Then the bone is shaped to fit the area and with the help of plates, screws, cables or wires and pins is held in place. Once secure, the incision is stitched up.

After the surgery care needs to be taken in order to ensure the success of the surgery. The healing time is generally of over 3 months. It is advisable to eat foods that are soft and to avoid extreme exercising. In order to avoid infection of any kind, the dentist will also orient you on flossing and brushing in a suitable way. For smokers though, it is advisable to stop smoking or else the graft might fail due to prolonged bone healing on account of smoking.

Here is a run down some of the benefits of Bone Graft
It can be used for various dental issues like tooth implant, poor jaw conditions or tooth loss.
It is useful if you have an implant in the future.
It helps protecting the mouth against shrinkage in width and height over a period of time
The aesthetics of the jaw line as in the strength and shape of the bony ridge post tooth loss.
It helps in avoiding the otherwise fragile jaw structure from shortening or narrowing down

Bone grafting can be expensive but in India its quite affordable as compared to foreign countries where people opt in for medical tourism to countries like India or Mexico for dental treatments.

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Dental Abscess

Dental Abscess – All You Need To know About

Many of us aren’t really aware of dental abscess. Tooth abscess is apparently a painful condition and occurs when the root of the tooth is infected or the infection lies amidst tooth and gum. This condition is known as gingivitis or gum disease and is known to occur due to tooth decay or high severity causing trauma and pain to the tooth.

The symptoms of tooth abscess include swollen neckglands, difficulty while chewing, swelling and redness of gums, sensitivity with hot or cold and fever as well. Tooth abscess can spread to the root and to the bones supporting the tooth as well and mind it abscess spreads quickly in a period of just two days or so, post the start of the infection. So, it is important to consult your doctors if you find one or more of the above symptoms with yourself.

Abscess are of two types –
Periapical abscess – This occurs when one nerve of the tooth is dead or about to die and is caused inside the tooth. It shows at the tip of the tooth’s root and spreads around the bone surrounding it eventually.

Periodontal abscess – This occurs when there is an infection between the teeth and gum usually due to accumulation of food particles and debris within the two. It becomes worse after the infections surrounds the bone below the gums.

Dental Abscess needs to be treated from a dentist. The procedure is known as root canal therapy and most of us are familiar with this treatment because it is a common dental treatment. During the procedure, the tooth is extracted while drainage occurs through the socket or alternatively at times incision is made into the gum tissue to drain out the abscess

Tooth abscess is a common condition of teeth that can occur to anyone and everyone at some point of time or other. In order to delay the process or avoid it to an extent it is advisable to follow proper dental hygiene that includes brushing teeth atleast two times a day and that too properly besides flossing, tongue cleaning and using mouthwash for a fresh breath and cavity free mouth.

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10 Different Causes of Tooth Sensitivity

10 Different Causes of Tooth Sensitivity

Tooth sensitivity is a common problem among people of all ages be it children, adults or the aged. There are many different causes of tooth sensitivity and some of the main causes are largely unknown at times. Tooth sensitivity can be dealt with properly if we are aware of its causes. So, here a list of 10 causes that lead to tooth sensitivity issues.

Regular use of Mouthwash – Some of us use mouthwashes which might contain chemicals and alcohol thus leading to increased sensitivity in teeth.
Solution – Using mouth wash that consists of neutral fluoride

Regular use of Whitening Toothpaste– Some of the tooth whitening chemicals that manufacturers use in their toothpastes consist of chemicals that cause tooth sensitivity issues.
Solution – Use custom made mouth grinders after dentist consult

Excessive plaque deposits– Heavy plaque deposits also lead to teeth sensitivity issues because tooth enamel wears away after excessive deposits of plaque.
Solution – Floss and brush properly and two times a day after eating

Cracked Tooth – You can experience tooth sensitivity if there’s a tooth with a chip off or crack.
Solution – Consult your doctor for treatment like extraction or cap fitting.

Past Dental Treatment – If you have had some dental procedures like root anal, crown placement or extraction then teeth sensitivity issues do occur.
Solution – Consult your doctor to check for an infection possibility

Improper Brushing – The question that even though we brush regularly, 2 times a day why tooth sensitivity affects us, might haunt many of us suffering from tooth sensitivity issues. The truth of the matter is we rarely care to check out once the drill of tooth brushing. Due to improper or sometimes brushing using force our teeth wear out and lose their protective layers. Now this leads to an exposure of the canals that connect your dental nerves. When these canals face exposure against sticky or acidic foods or high temperatures, they’re bound to cause discomfort.
Solution – Use a brush with soft bristles and brush properly.

Dental disease – With age we as humans suffer from deteriorating gums cause tooth sensitivity. This includes gum disease or gingivitis issues.
Solution – Consult your dentist for teeth sealing advice

Food high on acids – Many of us are not aware that eating food that has acids in excess can lead to tooth sensitivity issues. This includes foods like pickles, lemon, tomato sauce to name a few.
Solution – Avoid foods high on acids

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5 Dental Care Tips For Healthy Teeth and Gums

5 Dental Care Tips For Healthy Teeth and Gums

Many a times we tend to ignore dental health while we do care about over all health of the body as in heart and more. This ignorance usually leads to a lot of dental health issues. Well, better late than never. Here are a few tips on everyday dental care, to help you keep your teeth and mouth healthy and dental issues at bay.

Tooth Brush – First things first. Get a good tooth brush for yourself. If possible opt for electric toothbrushes because they are way more superior compared to manual ones. They are highly efficient in cleaning mouth areas and come with small brush heads. Hence, they are recommended by most health professionals. Well, if you don’t have one, then a manual with soft bristles could be used. Its advisable to change a tooth brush every three months, not less not more. In case your tooth brush wears off in two months then you are not brushing properly for sure. Simply contact your dentist for tips on brushing.

Brushing – We all know how to brush and that we need to brush atleast two times a day if not more. Once in the morning to flush away all the bacteria that has accumulated over night and once before going to bed because our saliva, which protects us against plaques dries up when we sleep. Brush for around 2 minutes holding the brush at 45 degrees and clean all the gums as well as teeth faces without fail.

Flossing – Many of us do brush twice a day but still face issues of bad breath and plaque deposition. The reason is simple, because of not flossing regularly. Flossing is equally important to brushing and needs to be done regularly. It is said that over 90% of teeth issues arise from between teeth issues. So it is advisable to keep a floss box handy and floss every single day twice. Flossing is simple process that involves holding the floss tightly and clean between two teeth by gently gliding it.

Tongue Cleaning – This is the third dental care routine that needs to be done regularly just like brushing or flossing. Use a good quality tongue cleaner and clean your tongue every morning to scrape away the bacteria from the tongue and get a fresh breath.

Mouth Wash – A mouth wash will help you to shove away the bad breath and experience fresh breath enhancing your confidence. But do make sure that the mouth wash is free from alcohol as it tends to reduce the saliva inside the mouth thus making way for bacteria. A mouthwash rinse will help you reach to areas where a brush otherwise cannot.

Well, dental hygiene is very important as it could lead to other conditions. If that’s not motivating enough for you to look into dental hygiene, remember that if you have no teeth, you would neither be able to smile with confidence, neither look your best, nor eat the gourmet recipes the world has in store for you. So, do think about it.

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Emergency Orthodontic Care

Emergency Orthodontic Care – An Overview

There is a very rare possibility of any emergency occurring with respect to dental issues. Most of the dental issues do not get you into an emergency situation but yes sometimes, dental issues might lead to pain and irritation or discomfort.

Here is a run down some of these issues and how to deal with them.

Ligature issues – This issue arising when you use brackets. Fine wires or rubber bands are used to hold the brackets. At times the ligatures may become loose and stick to your lip. This could lead to irritation. Hence, when a ligature goes loose you may tighten it by bending it back with the help of a rubber attached on the back of pencils.

Mouth Sores – If you wear braces, getting mouth sores might just be a common possibility with you. This does lead to irritation, discomfort and mouth ulcers. At such times, mouth wash and warm salt water gargles do help out in suppressing the pain and discomfort.

Swallowing – If you by mistake swallow some piece related to your braces, when you are wearing braces then, its better to consult the doctor immediately. The symptoms include sneezing, coughing or wheezing.

Loose Brackets and more – If you wear braces, you usually are aware of these issues. These brackets tend to loosen up due to chewing or eating crunchy or hard foods. This can lead to problems like discomfort due to bracket sticking out. When such an issue occurs you can easily use a sterile tweezer to slide the bracket along the wire. Then you need to rotate it inorder to get it back to its usual position.

Wire Protruding – As mentioned before if a wire becomes loose, you can use a pencil with a rubber end to push the wire against the tooth so as to avoid the irritation it causes. In case it becomes unbearable contact your orthodontist immediately. If it is not causing any discomfort, better to leave it as it is until your next appointment with the doctor. Only in an exceptional case when you cannot reach an orthodontist and the discomfort is too bad, simply cut the protruding wire with sharp clippers. Do take care of not swallowing the piece of wire that gets snipped. To protect yourself from doing so you may fold the tissue paper around that area. Also apply some relief wax on the area.

Having said that, it is advisable to reach out to the orthodontist or the dentist when dental issues occur.

All About Halitosis and How To Deal With It

All About Halitosis and How To Deal With It

Halitosis is not occasional bad breadth that you get due to eating stuff like garlic or onions that are generally responsible for the same, but it is apparently the chronic condition of bad breath. Bad breath does make us feel really embarrassed obviously, but even more if we get to know this from our near or dear ones. Many people from kids, adults to, even couples suffer from these issues leading to intimacy problems in couples at times as well.

Here’s a run down some of the common reason behind Halitosis
Lack of dental care –Dental care involves brushing teeth two to three times a day, flossing and using mouthwash on a daily basis. Poor dental care results in plaque building, further leading to bad breadth and other dental issues.

Food, Braces and Dentures – Food particles like garlic, onion and other food with strong smell do top the list when it comes to bad breadth causing agents. More so, if you wear braces or dentures. After having food, a lot of particles are stuck behind inside the mouth, cavities and even on the surface of the tongue but more importantly within the braces, if they are not cleaned properly. As for dentures, lose fitting ones cause infections and sores. This generally leads to bad breadth experiences post lunch.

Dental Issues – Another major cause of Halitosis is dental problems like tooth decay and gum disease. Dental conditions like periodontal disease and gingivitis occur when the bacteria succeeds in saving itself from being rinsed away by hiding itself.

Dry Mouth – Dry mouth occurs when the mouth isn’t able to make enough saliva needed to wash out the bad breadth causing bacteria from the mouth. So, dry mouth could be a result of poor dental care as well as addictions like smoking and alcohol.

Health Conditions – Many of us might not be aware of the fact that bad breadth could also be a result of conditions that affect the throat, nasal passage or sinus. Furthermore, according to the American Dental Association diseases related to the kidney or liver could also result in bad breadth. Bad breadth is a common issue during pregnancy due to cravings and intake of different types of foods, hormonal changes, nausea and morning sickness.

Dealing with Halitosis – Obviously, to deal with Halitosis, you need to find out the root cause of the condition. Is it braces, a result of poor dental hygiene, bad breadth causing foods or anything else. Once, you know the cause, you can figure out the suitable treatment for the same.

In case the situation is grave and you sense some internal condition, then is it advisable to seek a dentist as soon as possible. Generally, if its an external condition proper dental routines can easily solve the problem. For issues related to braces, its good to visit an orthodontist and for children related bad breadth issues, a pediatrician. Quit smoking or drinking if you do and bad breadth is a result of it.

Having foods which are low on sugar or sugar products can help you deal with dry mouth issues. These days dry mouth issues can be resolved by prescribing artificial saliva as well. Bad breadth related issues due to medication can be dealt with only by consulting a good dental specialist.


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why coot canal is necessary

Dental Health and Root Canal

When you tooth infected or decayed then, a root canal is the treatment that dentists suggest to save it. The process of root canal involves removal of the nerve and pulp. The inside of the tooth has to be cleaned up and finally it is to be sealed. If treatment is not done within time, then it could lead to an abscess to the teeth.

The tooth’s nerve is placed in the root canal. This term is used in order to depict the natural activity in the center of the tooth. The function of the root canal is that of a sensory organ, letting you know about hot or cold. Hence, the absence of it would not adversely affect your routines. As it is the nerve of the tooth does not play a significant role

Why is a root canal necessary?
Root canal is only needed when the tooth has decayed. If the root canal is not carried out before the infection spreads to the roots of the tooth then it would end up in an abscess. An abscess is an extremely painful condition which creates puss filled pockets. This can result into severe tooth damage as well as further into the infection and swelling to spread across the neck head or face. There could be drainage issues that would extend from the root outward into the gums or into the skin through the cheek. The other possibility is of that of bone loss around the cheek.

There are various causes that may lead to a dentist advising a root canal. This includes deep decay resulting into infection, cracked or a chipped tooth, Large tooth fillings or frequent dental procedures face trauma and more.

For treatment you might need to seek a dentist or an endodontist based on the difficulty level of your root canal procedure as well as your own comfort level with the doctor. The procedure of a root canal generally involves numbing your teeth first with the help of anesthesia. Then a hole is drilled for access into the teeth and the decayed tissue is removed along with the debris. The root canal files are used for cleaning out. After placing a number of files of increasing diameter into the access hole, the sides of the root canal are scrubbed and scraped by working the files down full length. The debris inside is flushed off every now and then with sodium hypochlorite or water

The procedure further involves with sealing of the tooth. Sometimes, the sealing is carried out after a week in order to clear up the infection. The doctor prescribes you medication and the tooth’s exterior hole is filled up with a temporary filling so as to keep it away from food particles or other contaminants. The tooth filling materials includes a rubber compound called gutta percha and a sealer paste. It is placed inside the root canal after which the restoration of the tooth is carried out as a final step.

Well, root canal procedures have had the reputation of being painful, but these days with high end equipment’s at hand, dentists do ensure that the treatments are painless to a great extent.

Career Alternatives After Studying Dentistry

Career Alternatives After Studying Dentistry – A Short Guide

Dentistry has been a lucrative career for a long time and hence has been a career choice of many students aspiring to choose a stream that is around medicine. In India there are umpteen colleges that offer bachelors, masters and doctorate courses in dentistry.

But, many students around the time the complete BDS realize that they aren’t sure of what they want to do after BDS or aren’t very keen on going ahead with clinical dental practice. So, here are a list of career alternatives after BDS that could help you out of these horns of the dilemma.

If you have the resources to acquire higher education and the interest to pursue, then going for a MDS or a doctorate program is definitely a good alternative. Having a masters or a doctorate in your kitty will certainly place you at a higher level than a bachelors degree holder. It will also open doors to career alternatives, that of becoming a lecturer or a dental research associate.

If you are willing to work for a firm rather than pursuing your own practice, you may apply in hospitals and areas like defense, where they do recruit dentists through short service commission for a definite period that is extendable. Another lucrative but difficult alternative is choosing to appear for civil service examinations. These exams mostly focus on general knowledge and cracking these ones can make you an IAS/ IPS/ IFS, offering a sky rocketing career in the Indian government. Even railways and the state government does come out with recruitment in dentistry from time to time.

For students having the desire to move outside India for better opportunities, Gulf, UK, Canada as well as the USA are some destinations that offer a good scope. You can either opt for higher education here or a work permit. There might be few prerequisites though associated with it and you would need to figure them out before going ahead.

In case you realize at the end of doing BDS that dentistry is not your cup of tea, then you always have an option for MBA in the area of your interest. Alternatively, you may go for masters in mass communication or advertising or any other as well. This might mean saying a good bye to dentistry mostly but could just open the relevant door to your career dreams.

Well, they say if one door closes, may others open and that there’s always a plan B to Z available if plan A fails. So, if you are in a dilemma about your career direction after BDS, take out some to to ponder upon your own interests and passions if any and you’ll certainly find a way ahead.

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Cavities In Indian Children – On the Rise

Cavities In Indian Children

As per survey reports across 5 cities of India, Cavities in Children in India is considerably higher than ever before. Pediatric Orthodontists though say that it is largely preventable with the right oral care and eating habits. These days parents find children around 5 -6 years of age complaining of tooth pain. This is mostly due to the condition called Cavities. As per statistics over 40% of the children between two and 11 years are most likely to have cavities with their baby teeth and over 20% between six and 11 years with permanent teeth.

Fast Foods – No, its not chocolates or candies but its junk food like burgers, pizzas and noodles. Foods with high sugar or starch contents make up of the acid producing bacterias that in turn start eating the outer surface of the tooth or enamel. Exposure to such attacks of bacteria leads to early decay as the tooth starts losing its minerals.
Hereditary – Not exactly hereditary because, its not by birth but by use of same tooth brush or use of the same spoon from mother to child usually. Repeated use of the same spoon or brush is like transporting decay causing bacteria to your child’s teeth.

Avoid sugary candies, sweets and fast food like pizzas, burgers or noodles or atleast limit your child’s consumption of it.
Avoid excess consumption of starchy and foods loaded with refined carbohydrates like chips, pasta or bread.
Aerated drinks are loaded with phosphorous and carbonation besides high sugar content that has the ability to wear away your teeth.

Its always great to work at grass root levels as the habits developed at this stage would carry on across a lifetime. Here are few tips on developing a habit of oral hygeine amongst your toddlers.
Brush teeth twice a day.
Gargle after eating and having milk
Visit the dentist at least once in six months
Limit snacks between meals
Avoid eating something post brushing at night

In a nutshell, inculcating oral hygiene and healthy lifestyle amongst your children is one way to dodge the cavity monster away from your kids.

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