Bisphenol A- BPA

Is the BPA used in Plastics harming your child’s Teeth

With the constant rise in tooth enamel defects in children, researchers have worked to find out the cause behind the same. The results point out to BPA (Bisphenol A), a chemical that is used in manufacture of plastic as the culprit. The findings are based on the research study that was carried on rats and it triggered the same issue in rats as in human kids.

This defect of enamel is know to have affected around 15-20 percent of the children in the age group of six – nine years. As per a researching microbiologist its effect varies from region to region. In some parts of the world reports show over 40% of the children being affected Enamel is an integral part of the teeth. It apparently covers the tooth and if it gets defected then can lead to dental issues like cavities. So, here is what exactly happens when the enamel gets defected. As per researchers the incisors and molars viz the teeth located in the front as well as the back of the teeth are affected and milky sports start are visible on them. These are known as defects because these are a result of mineral structure of teeth developing weakened regions. It is a common problem and occurs at the time of formation of teeth. Day by day it is rising. The study was further carried out on the rate and the researchers discovered that he weakened enamel in them was due to pollution altered genes.

Well, hormones are an integral part of the body and more so the endocrine system. The are responsible for controlling some of the major body activities be it reproduction, organ formation or energy usage by cells, to name a few. Pollutants have the ability to disguise themselves as these hormones besides slowing down or completely blocking the actions of hormones. Coming to the tooth enamel, two hormones namely androgens and estrogens are responsible for directing the cells to make tooth enamel. While androgen are male sex hormones and estrogens female sex organs, a study stated that two pollutants were responsible for promoting defects in enamel. One was vinclozolin, a chemical used by farm workers and farmers for killing fungi and the other BPA, the more common one. In case you are not aware, BPA or bisphenol is used by manufacturers in making many products like dental sealents, kitchen bowls, eyewear and more. It is also used to make interior coatings of many food and drink cans as well as jar lids.

The results of the studies that were carried out show that tooth defects could be an alarm that the child has been exposed to hormone disrupting chemicals as there is every possibility that these chemicals like BPA do harm to the teeth, though its not yet proven but is evident enough.

 

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*Source from internet

wisdom tooth pain relief

All You Need To Do For Wisdom Tooth Pain Relief

Bringing in the wisdom teeth is all about bearing immense tooth ache until its full grown. We all have experienced this uncomfortable and excruciating pain one in our life time. Dealing with this pain on an off can ruin your daily routines to quite an extent by causing discomforting pain. Well, here are a few tips to help you out of this situation.

Ibuprofen – This is kind of a universal mantra of sorts that sure provides relief in the testing times of wisdom tooth growth. Keeping an ibuprofen handy is a good idea. But, do take care of taking a dose that is within the limits.

Ice Pack – Yes, these also do help provide relief against tooth pain naturally without the need of pain killers. They also help in reducing inflammation of jaw line. Try applying it ever 15-20 minutes for good results

Numbing Gel – This is readily available in the chemist shop. Ask for a tooth ache relieving gel and you’ll find a lot of options. The main ingredient in the gel is benzocaine so those who are allergic to this ingredient, do not use it please. For others it is a good alternative for reducing gum pain. You need to apply it on and off throughout the day for good results.

Cloves – Another useful home remedy is chewing a cloves or using clove oil for pain relief. If you prefer chewing the clove then it has to be placed over the wisdom tooth, and is to be hold as a sandwich between the jaws without chewing it. Once you feel relief from pain you may spit it out and use another one. While using clove oil, just soak a cotton ball in the oil and place it on the tooth until you feel better.
Salt water Gargles – Pain at times is caused due to the bacteria in the mouth and using salt water, you can get rid of these pain causing bacteria as salt water is known to be a the natural disinfectant.

Onion – Very few of us might be aware that even onion comes with healing, rather antimicrobial properties. If you chew a piece of onion by keeping on the wisdom tooth or nearby, you will certainly feel that the pain is reducing after some point of time. You may then spit it off. The juice from the onion helps reduce the inflammation.

Tea Bags – Tea does have anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties and hence sipping on tea made from tea bags works well. The tea bags can also be kept in the mouth where the pain exists once it is cold.

Other than the aforementioned remedies you may also keep drinking water to get rid of the bacteria in the mouth, brush your teeth, floss and use a mouthwash on a regular basis as well as avoid sugar food. This can help you sail through your wisdom tooth growth process.

Dept of Public Health Dentistry at RRDCH

Periodontitis casues symptoms and treatment

All You Need To Know About Periodontitis

Periodontitis is a tooth condition wherein inflammation occurs around the tooth due to serious damage caused to the soft tissue as well as the bone that support the tooth. The mainly affect the periodontium, which surround the tooth for support purpose. All the periodontal diseases are a result of periodontium and even periodontitis is one of them.

In Periodontitis, the bacteria stick around the surface of the tooth while multiplying. The immune systems is over actively involved in fighting these bacteria which further results into inflammation. As periodontitis spreads its starts damaging the alveolar bone around the teeth and ultimately leads to the loss of it. If care is not taken then periodontitis may lead to heart attack stroke and other health problems as well. Having said that, another fact is that is is completely preventable because it is caused due to poor dental hygiene.

Causes – Now, for the causes of periodontitis – it generally occurs when a sticky, transparent membrane known as the bacterial plaque develops round the tooth surface. If we do not remove plaque regularly it turns into hard tartar which is again very difficult to remove yourself. You need to seek appointment of a doctor to do that because if not removed it starts damaging your teeth. The damage could further lead to gingivitis which if not cured will result into bacteria growth. They will start multiplying and destroying the bone as well as the connective tissue that holds the teeth. Eventually the teeth start losening up and fall off.

SymptomsPeriodontitis symptoms include inflammation of gums primarily. The gums swell and sometimes turn bright red and purple. They hurt and recede as well which results in teeth looking more long. It could also cause bad breath, bleeding while brushing teeth and flossing. Even while eating, the person does not feel the same because the teeth do not fit the same.

Diagnosis and Treatment – A orthodontist or a dentist examines your mouth and can easily diagnose the same. The treatment includes prescribing antibiotics in form of gel, microspheres, antiseptic chips as well as anti-microbial mouthwash. But, if the periodontitis is at the advanced stage it might require a bone and tissue graft or a flap surgery which removes the calculus in the pockets, removal of tarter and lifting gums back. While bone and tissue graft is done for regeneration of the destroyed gum tissues. This can be done using special proteins for regrowing the bones naturally.

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Teeth Bleaching

Teeth Bleaching For A Spotless or Stained Smiles

With whitening toothpastes becoming so popular across the globe, its pretty clear that teeth whitening is in demand and people want to have spotless smiles like shown in ads that flash across TV channels with popular celebrities and people flaunting their beautiful smile. People are concerned because they are made to believe that it is and integral part of your looks and enhances them for sure.

Bleaching is one of the methodologies that is used for whitening of teeth. Though teeth whitening is very much popular across ages, people about to ring in their wedding bells or their relatives are very much into getting a quick fix to their smile so that with the glitter and glamor of the wedding their teeth to shines through. And many a times they are in such a jiffy that they never want to look beyond the whitened look, as in about the damage it could cause or not cause to their teeth. Very few seem to be interested in the other side of the coin.

Beauty bleaching as it is called is not a good idea and particularly for people who bleach many times. Bleaching makes our teeth more permeable and hence they keep on staining faster and hence we need to make frequent visits to our dentists for removal of the stains. Furthermore, there is every possibility of the roots getting damages as bleaching leads to soft tissue irritation and transient tooth sensitivity. The enamel thinning occurs alongside gum recession. Even aging causes enamel thinning and the darkening of dentin.

Whitening thus comes under cosmetic dental procedures and might not be included under health insurance plan. You need to check with your health insurer before you go ahead thinking that it is covered under the plan. There are many people who still undergo tooth whitening because of the benefits over side effects are more lucrative may be.

Before we get to discuss about the whitening types let us first find out the reasons behind your teeth going pale or yellow or stained.
1. Intake of beverages like tea, coffee, red wine and more
2. Smoking and tobacco consumption
3. Improper tooth care

Now for the whitening solutions. Here’s a run down the two main types of whitening treatments.
1. Vital Whitening – In this type of whitening a whitening gel is applied to the tooth surface directly. The gel contains hydrogen peroxide as an ingredient. The process usually requires 1 to 3 appointments of 30 to 90 minutes each. The time and number of appointments might vary from patient to patient depending upon the severity of the stains and the level of whitening required.

2. Non Vital Whitening – This treatment is used when the tooth or teeth are to be whitened from inside. For example when a tooth that has had a root canal could have an internal stain. Non vital whitening involves a different procedure wherein the whitening agent is placed inside the tooth and is coated with a temporary filling. Then the tooth is left on its on for many days. This can also be repeated depending upon the shade requirement of the patient.

Facts
Now for some facts. Whitening is not a permanent solution. The stains keep on surfacing from time to time more so if you are an addict to the aforementioned beverages or a chain smoker. It could even happen in less than a months time if you are careless. But, if you happen to be a disciplined one then it could well last around half a year or a year also.

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Bone Graft-Alternative Dental Implant

Bone Graft – Dental treatment That Works well

Bone graft is an alternative to dental implants. It is generally done when the jaw bone is too soft or thin and fails to have the ability to keep the implanted tooth in place or causes implant surgery to fail.
It is apparently a type of surgery which is also used for fixing the damages done by gum diseases, trauma or tooth loss. As we age dental implants are needed and bone graft surgery apparently is very useful as it provides structural stability by filling up the voids in areas where the bone is not present. Even for maintaining the bone structure post tooth extraction bone grafting is carried out.

Graft surgery is of two types –

1. Autograft – As the name suggests the use of bones that are present in the body like wrist bone, pelvis bone or ribs.

2. Allograft – This surgery uses the bone of a donor who is dead or a cadaver after it is cleaned and archived in the tissue bank.

Your dentist does the diagnosis and decides on the type of bone graft is required. It is an anaestheisa assisted surgery so should be almost pain free. The process includes skin incision above the area where the graft is required. Then the bone is shaped to fit the area and with the help of plates, screws, cables or wires and pins is held in place. Once secure, the incision is stitched up.

After the surgery care needs to be taken in order to ensure the success of the surgery. The healing time is generally of over 3 months. It is advisable to eat foods that are soft and to avoid extreme exercising. In order to avoid infection of any kind, the dentist will also orient you on flossing and brushing in a suitable way. For smokers though, it is advisable to stop smoking or else the graft might fail due to prolonged bone healing on account of smoking.

Here is a run down some of the benefits of Bone Graft
It can be used for various dental issues like tooth implant, poor jaw conditions or tooth loss.
It is useful if you have an implant in the future.
It helps protecting the mouth against shrinkage in width and height over a period of time
The aesthetics of the jaw line as in the strength and shape of the bony ridge post tooth loss.
It helps in avoiding the otherwise fragile jaw structure from shortening or narrowing down

Bone grafting can be expensive but in India its quite affordable as compared to foreign countries where people opt in for medical tourism to countries like India or Mexico for dental treatments.

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Dental Abscess

Dental Abscess – All You Need To know About

Many of us aren’t really aware of dental abscess. Tooth abscess is apparently a painful condition and occurs when the root of the tooth is infected or the infection lies amidst tooth and gum. This condition is known as gingivitis or gum disease and is known to occur due to tooth decay or high severity causing trauma and pain to the tooth.

The symptoms of tooth abscess include swollen neckglands, difficulty while chewing, swelling and redness of gums, sensitivity with hot or cold and fever as well. Tooth abscess can spread to the root and to the bones supporting the tooth as well and mind it abscess spreads quickly in a period of just two days or so, post the start of the infection. So, it is important to consult your doctors if you find one or more of the above symptoms with yourself.

Abscess are of two types –
Periapical abscess – This occurs when one nerve of the tooth is dead or about to die and is caused inside the tooth. It shows at the tip of the tooth’s root and spreads around the bone surrounding it eventually.

Periodontal abscess – This occurs when there is an infection between the teeth and gum usually due to accumulation of food particles and debris within the two. It becomes worse after the infections surrounds the bone below the gums.
Treatment

Dental Abscess needs to be treated from a dentist. The procedure is known as root canal therapy and most of us are familiar with this treatment because it is a common dental treatment. During the procedure, the tooth is extracted while drainage occurs through the socket or alternatively at times incision is made into the gum tissue to drain out the abscess

Tooth abscess is a common condition of teeth that can occur to anyone and everyone at some point of time or other. In order to delay the process or avoid it to an extent it is advisable to follow proper dental hygiene that includes brushing teeth atleast two times a day and that too properly besides flossing, tongue cleaning and using mouthwash for a fresh breath and cavity free mouth.

Rajarajeswari Dental College and Hospital is one of the  Best Dental Colleges in Bangalore

10 Different Causes of Tooth Sensitivity

10 Different Causes of Tooth Sensitivity

Tooth sensitivity is a common problem among people of all ages be it children, adults or the aged. There are many different causes of tooth sensitivity and some of the main causes are largely unknown at times. Tooth sensitivity can be dealt with properly if we are aware of its causes. So, here a list of 10 causes that lead to tooth sensitivity issues.

Regular use of Mouthwash – Some of us use mouthwashes which might contain chemicals and alcohol thus leading to increased sensitivity in teeth.
Solution – Using mouth wash that consists of neutral fluoride

Regular use of Whitening Toothpaste– Some of the tooth whitening chemicals that manufacturers use in their toothpastes consist of chemicals that cause tooth sensitivity issues.
Solution – Use custom made mouth grinders after dentist consult

Excessive plaque deposits– Heavy plaque deposits also lead to teeth sensitivity issues because tooth enamel wears away after excessive deposits of plaque.
Solution – Floss and brush properly and two times a day after eating

Cracked Tooth – You can experience tooth sensitivity if there’s a tooth with a chip off or crack.
Solution – Consult your doctor for treatment like extraction or cap fitting.

Past Dental Treatment – If you have had some dental procedures like root anal, crown placement or extraction then teeth sensitivity issues do occur.
Solution – Consult your doctor to check for an infection possibility

Improper Brushing – The question that even though we brush regularly, 2 times a day why tooth sensitivity affects us, might haunt many of us suffering from tooth sensitivity issues. The truth of the matter is we rarely care to check out once the drill of tooth brushing. Due to improper or sometimes brushing using force our teeth wear out and lose their protective layers. Now this leads to an exposure of the canals that connect your dental nerves. When these canals face exposure against sticky or acidic foods or high temperatures, they’re bound to cause discomfort.
Solution – Use a brush with soft bristles and brush properly.

Dental disease – With age we as humans suffer from deteriorating gums cause tooth sensitivity. This includes gum disease or gingivitis issues.
Solution – Consult your dentist for teeth sealing advice

Food high on acids – Many of us are not aware that eating food that has acids in excess can lead to tooth sensitivity issues. This includes foods like pickles, lemon, tomato sauce to name a few.
Solution – Avoid foods high on acids

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5 Dental Care Tips For Healthy Teeth and Gums

5 Dental Care Tips For Healthy Teeth and Gums

Many a times we tend to ignore dental health while we do care about over all health of the body as in heart and more. This ignorance usually leads to a lot of dental health issues. Well, better late than never. Here are a few tips on everyday dental care, to help you keep your teeth and mouth healthy and dental issues at bay.

Tooth Brush – First things first. Get a good tooth brush for yourself. If possible opt for electric toothbrushes because they are way more superior compared to manual ones. They are highly efficient in cleaning mouth areas and come with small brush heads. Hence, they are recommended by most health professionals. Well, if you don’t have one, then a manual with soft bristles could be used. Its advisable to change a tooth brush every three months, not less not more. In case your tooth brush wears off in two months then you are not brushing properly for sure. Simply contact your dentist for tips on brushing.

Brushing – We all know how to brush and that we need to brush atleast two times a day if not more. Once in the morning to flush away all the bacteria that has accumulated over night and once before going to bed because our saliva, which protects us against plaques dries up when we sleep. Brush for around 2 minutes holding the brush at 45 degrees and clean all the gums as well as teeth faces without fail.

Flossing – Many of us do brush twice a day but still face issues of bad breath and plaque deposition. The reason is simple, because of not flossing regularly. Flossing is equally important to brushing and needs to be done regularly. It is said that over 90% of teeth issues arise from between teeth issues. So it is advisable to keep a floss box handy and floss every single day twice. Flossing is simple process that involves holding the floss tightly and clean between two teeth by gently gliding it.

Tongue Cleaning – This is the third dental care routine that needs to be done regularly just like brushing or flossing. Use a good quality tongue cleaner and clean your tongue every morning to scrape away the bacteria from the tongue and get a fresh breath.

Mouth Wash – A mouth wash will help you to shove away the bad breath and experience fresh breath enhancing your confidence. But do make sure that the mouth wash is free from alcohol as it tends to reduce the saliva inside the mouth thus making way for bacteria. A mouthwash rinse will help you reach to areas where a brush otherwise cannot.

Well, dental hygiene is very important as it could lead to other conditions. If that’s not motivating enough for you to look into dental hygiene, remember that if you have no teeth, you would neither be able to smile with confidence, neither look your best, nor eat the gourmet recipes the world has in store for you. So, do think about it.

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Emergency Orthodontic Care

Emergency Orthodontic Care – An Overview

There is a very rare possibility of any emergency occurring with respect to dental issues. Most of the dental issues do not get you into an emergency situation but yes sometimes, dental issues might lead to pain and irritation or discomfort.

Here is a run down some of these issues and how to deal with them.

Ligature issues – This issue arising when you use brackets. Fine wires or rubber bands are used to hold the brackets. At times the ligatures may become loose and stick to your lip. This could lead to irritation. Hence, when a ligature goes loose you may tighten it by bending it back with the help of a rubber attached on the back of pencils.

Mouth Sores – If you wear braces, getting mouth sores might just be a common possibility with you. This does lead to irritation, discomfort and mouth ulcers. At such times, mouth wash and warm salt water gargles do help out in suppressing the pain and discomfort.

Swallowing – If you by mistake swallow some piece related to your braces, when you are wearing braces then, its better to consult the doctor immediately. The symptoms include sneezing, coughing or wheezing.

Loose Brackets and more – If you wear braces, you usually are aware of these issues. These brackets tend to loosen up due to chewing or eating crunchy or hard foods. This can lead to problems like discomfort due to bracket sticking out. When such an issue occurs you can easily use a sterile tweezer to slide the bracket along the wire. Then you need to rotate it inorder to get it back to its usual position.

Wire Protruding – As mentioned before if a wire becomes loose, you can use a pencil with a rubber end to push the wire against the tooth so as to avoid the irritation it causes. In case it becomes unbearable contact your orthodontist immediately. If it is not causing any discomfort, better to leave it as it is until your next appointment with the doctor. Only in an exceptional case when you cannot reach an orthodontist and the discomfort is too bad, simply cut the protruding wire with sharp clippers. Do take care of not swallowing the piece of wire that gets snipped. To protect yourself from doing so you may fold the tissue paper around that area. Also apply some relief wax on the area.

Having said that, it is advisable to reach out to the orthodontist or the dentist when dental issues occur.

All About Halitosis and How To Deal With It

All About Halitosis and How To Deal With It

Halitosis is not occasional bad breadth that you get due to eating stuff like garlic or onions that are generally responsible for the same, but it is apparently the chronic condition of bad breath. Bad breath does make us feel really embarrassed obviously, but even more if we get to know this from our near or dear ones. Many people from kids, adults to, even couples suffer from these issues leading to intimacy problems in couples at times as well.

Here’s a run down some of the common reason behind Halitosis
Lack of dental care –Dental care involves brushing teeth two to three times a day, flossing and using mouthwash on a daily basis. Poor dental care results in plaque building, further leading to bad breadth and other dental issues.

Food, Braces and Dentures – Food particles like garlic, onion and other food with strong smell do top the list when it comes to bad breadth causing agents. More so, if you wear braces or dentures. After having food, a lot of particles are stuck behind inside the mouth, cavities and even on the surface of the tongue but more importantly within the braces, if they are not cleaned properly. As for dentures, lose fitting ones cause infections and sores. This generally leads to bad breadth experiences post lunch.

Dental Issues – Another major cause of Halitosis is dental problems like tooth decay and gum disease. Dental conditions like periodontal disease and gingivitis occur when the bacteria succeeds in saving itself from being rinsed away by hiding itself.

Dry Mouth – Dry mouth occurs when the mouth isn’t able to make enough saliva needed to wash out the bad breadth causing bacteria from the mouth. So, dry mouth could be a result of poor dental care as well as addictions like smoking and alcohol.

Health Conditions – Many of us might not be aware of the fact that bad breadth could also be a result of conditions that affect the throat, nasal passage or sinus. Furthermore, according to the American Dental Association diseases related to the kidney or liver could also result in bad breadth. Bad breadth is a common issue during pregnancy due to cravings and intake of different types of foods, hormonal changes, nausea and morning sickness.

Dealing with Halitosis – Obviously, to deal with Halitosis, you need to find out the root cause of the condition. Is it braces, a result of poor dental hygiene, bad breadth causing foods or anything else. Once, you know the cause, you can figure out the suitable treatment for the same.

In case the situation is grave and you sense some internal condition, then is it advisable to seek a dentist as soon as possible. Generally, if its an external condition proper dental routines can easily solve the problem. For issues related to braces, its good to visit an orthodontist and for children related bad breadth issues, a pediatrician. Quit smoking or drinking if you do and bad breadth is a result of it.

Having foods which are low on sugar or sugar products can help you deal with dry mouth issues. These days dry mouth issues can be resolved by prescribing artificial saliva as well. Bad breadth related issues due to medication can be dealt with only by consulting a good dental specialist.

 

RRDCH is a premier dental college and hospital in Bangalore offering BDS, MDS, Phd and certificate courses. One of the best Dental Colleges in Mysore Road